In recent decades, several viral pathologies, with those of the coronavirusfamily at the top of the list, have appeared from other animals such as birds or rodents. Because of their proximity to humans on farms, houses and cities, it is legitimate to ask whether they are major vectors for the transmission of dangerous diseases and how to protect themselves validly if necessary. Can rats, bevets or other common animals in the Canadian environment spread the coronavirus to humans?
Rodents in the countryside and in the city: risk of contagion?
With the development of infrastructure, one would think that the undesirable rats and mice would disappear from the habitats. Instead, attracted by the colossal waste of urban agglomerations, they colonized the sewers and pipes of metropolises such as Montreal as well as public or private buildings that offer them housing.
If being able to observe them is not always obvious at home, one can hear the sounds of their comings and goings, or see the traces of their droppings and urine around food supplies and waste.
These small rodents, vectors of diseases
It is being discovered that more and more diseases can migrate from rodents to humans and transit from one individual to another very quickly.
They contaminate all types of individuals and react differently depending on each person. These rodents cooperate indirectly with several vectors such as ticks, mosquitoes, fleas and lice that can infect humans through a single bite.
Coronavirus: contagion by rodents?
Research shows that the proximity between humans and animals, especially due to theintrusion of these rodents into homes, influences the spread of many ailments. These include:
- Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome,
- tularemia, anaplasmosis,
- Lyme disease…
- the coronavirus, which is wreaking havoc in several forms including COVID-19, and seems to create close links with the genetic heritage of humans.
Factors accelerating rodent-human transmission
Covid-19 continues to gradually reveal information about itself about contagiousness. However, the Science Direct website already confirms that rats are potential receptacles for coronaviruses and similar diseases. These coronaviruses have significant faculties of transmissibility, and a simple sneezing of an infected rat is enough to spread the virus in a surprising way.
Thus, the prolonged contact between humans and animals on farms, in some exotic markets increases the risk of diseases passing from one species to another tenfold. Wet markets in Asia, where all kinds of wild animals for consumption or the countryside are sold (in addition to fresh vegetables and food), are a palpable example.
If Covid-19 has not yet revealed with certainty the animal origin or not of the pneumonia-type pathology, suspicions weigh on pangolins, rats and bats. Rodents possess the ability to transmit the coronavirus to humans.
Faced with this, it is a matter ofurgency to take significant measures at professional, public, administrative or private level. Any infiltration of animals,through the evacuation ducts inside a house or a busy building, exposes the occupants to the risk of pathologies sometimes fatal.
Rodent-to-human transmission: understanding the process
A virus is not a living being in the strict sense of the word, unlike bacteria. It needs a host of animal or human species to stay alive and proliferate. It is able to infect only one category of hosts, such as birds for example.
Each cell group has advanced specificities that form a barrier for the virus. It does not normally have the cell unlock keys to spontaneously pass from a pig to a bird, from a bird to the human being and so on.
However in case of prolonged contact the virus can mutate and obtain these keys. Once these access doors are cleared, the virus enters the human organism and reproduces itself by multiplying the copies of itself.
It is therefore important to prevent contact byexterminating any rodent vermin and plugging breaches and access routes inside homes. This is becoming as essential as preventing risks such as fires.
Smoke test: means of combating invasion
To maintain a clear separation between rodents and humans, the call for a company carrying out smoke testing to detect the entries of these invaders represents a very effective way. The professional exterminator will thus be able to sustainably eliminate dangerous pests from your immediate environment.
The company Test de Fumée Delta has the appropriateexpertise to detect an invasion of rodents. In addition, during pipe leaks, plumbing and piping problems, the Delta smoke test operation reveals any broken pipes and cracks to be repaired. It also helps fight against bad smells inside your building.
In collaboration with building inspectors, civil engineers, municipal officials, in charge of sewer systems, the company carries out interventions with institutions and corporations responsible for maintaining the disposal of wastewater or rainwater in a healthy way.
In addition to the fight against rats by the detection of wall breaches, the insertion of harmless smoke makes it possible to evaluate thetightness for any necessary caulking.
Its certified building expert identifies failures and also makes recommendations for good drainage,such as the installation of the French drain, clogging, repair of cracks in the flooring…
After supervision of all operations, he confirms compliance with professional standards in the execution of the work. This warranty exists for a period of 25 years. Test de Fumée intervenes promptly in Longueuil, Laval, Montreal and several cities for all your detection needs by high precision smoke insertion technology.